Possible references for the independent projects (on reserve in Health Science Library)

Review articles

Hampson, E. (2000). Sexual differentiation of spatial functions in humans. In A. Matsumoto (Ed.), Sexual Differentiation of the Brain. (pp. 279-300). London: CRC Press.

Maguire, E.A., Burgess, N., & O'Keefe, J. (1999). Human spatial navigation: cognitive maps, sexual dimorphism, and neural substrates. Curr Opin Neurobiol, 9(2), 171-177.

Voyer, D., Voyer, S., & Bryden, M.P. (1995). Magnitude of sex differences in spatial abilities: a meta-analysis and consideration of critical variables. Psychol Bull, 117(2), 250-270.

Research Papers

Astur, R.S., Ortiz, M.L., & Sutherland, R.J. (1998). A characterization of performance by men and women in a virtual Morris water task: a large and reliable sex difference. Behav Brain Res, 93(1-2), 185-190.

Sandstrom, N.J., Kaufman, J., & Huettel, S.A. (1998). Males and females use different distal cues in a virtual environment navigation task. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res, 6(4), 351-360.

May, M., Peruch, P., & Savoyant, A. (1995). Navigating in a virtual environment with map-acquired knowledge: Encoding and alignment effects. Ecological Psychology, 7(1), 21-36.

Tlauka, M., & Wilson, P.N. (1996). Orientation-free representations from navigation through a computer-simulated environment. Environment and Behavior, 28(5), 647-664.

Wilson, P.N. (1999). Active exploration of a virtual environment does not promote orientation or memory for objects. Environment and Behavior, 31(6), 752-763.

Moffat, S.D., Hampson, E., & Hatzipantelis, M. (1998). Navigation in a "virtual" maze: Sex differences and correlation with psychometric measures of spatial ability in humans. Evolution and Human Behavior, 19(2), 73-87.

Grant, S.C., & Magee, L.E. (1998). Contributions of proprioception to navigation in virtual environments. Hum Factors, 40(3), 489-497.

Wilson, P.N., Foreman, N., & Tlauka, M. (1997). Transfer of spatial information from a virtual to a real environment. Human Factors, 39(4), 526-531.

Witmer, B.G., & Sadowski, W.J.J. (1998). Nonvisually guided locomotion to a previously viewed target in real and virtual environments. Human Factors, 40(3), 478-488.

Gillner, S., & Mallot, H.A. (1998). Navigation and acquisition of spatial knowledge in a virtual maze. J Cogn Neurosci, 10(4), 445-463.

Richardson, A.E., Montello, D.R., & Hegarty, M. (1999). Spatial knowledge acquisition from maps and from navigation in real and virtual environments. Mem Cognit, 27(4), 741-750.